In conjunction with our VIP Weekender Cigar tour (Brochure on Home Page), we thought aspiring travelers might like to have a resource for all Cuban cigar terms. Hope this helps. For information, contact Dave at Info@travelguidecuba.com .
Anilla – The Cuban term for cigar band or ring.
Bonche – Filler leaves rolled together and wrapped in a cylindrical shape with a binding leaf.
Burros – Fermenting piles of tobacco that require careful monitoring.
Capa – Cigar’s outside wrapper.
Capote – The layer, made from volado leaves, under the Capa and considered the binder leaf.
Casa de Tabaco – House on the tobacco plantation where leaves are cured.
Catadores – The tasters who inspect finished cigars..
Cervantes – Also known as the Lonsdale (for Lord Lonsdale), this cigar is the third in a trilogy of 42 ring gauge cigars and measures 6.5 inches x 42 ring gauge.
Chaveta – A knife with semi-circular blade used by rollers to cut the wrapper leaf.
Churchill – Also known as Julieta No. 2, the Churchill measures 7 inches x 47 ring gauge and is most enjoyed for an hour.
Claro – A light-brown wrapper.
Colorado – A dark brown wrapper.
Corona – The most recognized shape and size (5 5/8 inches x 42 ring gauge) for a premium cigar. Sometimes called a parejo.
Cubatabaco – Cuba’s Worldwide distributor before Habanos S.A.
Culebra – Spanish for snake, these cigars are manufactured from 3 panatelas that are linked and braided.
Dalia – Once was the name of the galera where cigars were manufactured but is now known more commonly as 8-9-8, derived from the original box which offered 3 rows of 8, 9 and 8.
Despalillo – The Stripping House where binder and filler leaves are received for stripping of the inner veins and stems and where the second level of fermentation occurs.
Double Corona – Traditionally known as a Prominente (7 5/8 inches x 49 ring gauge), the cigar’s giant leaves are inordinately delicate originally but suddenly explode with flavor.
Escaparate – A cooling room (16-18 °C or 61-64 °F temperature with 70 % humidity) where cigars are stored for weeks after rolling.
Especial – A Gran Corona (9 inches x 47 ring gauge) regarded as the largest classic cigar.
Figurado – A cigar rolled to a point on one end. A double – figurado is pointed at both ends. These are also known as Pirámide, Campana or Exquisito cigars.
Fortaleza – Refers to the cigar’s strength. In sequence, the 3 degrees are volado (1), seco (2) and ligero (3).
Galera – The galley or workshop where cigars are handmade.
Gran Corona – The Especial or largest classic cigar (9 inches x 47 ring gauge).
Habanos – Used to designate the origin of certain cigars and translates to “Havanas.”
Habanos S.A. – Havana-based company that advertises, markets and distributes Cuban cigars internationally.
Hecho en Cuba – Made in Cuba.
Julieta No. 2 – Originally from the Romeo y Julieta Factory, this cigar is the popular Churchill (7 inches x 47 ring gauge).
Laguito No. 1 – Popularly known as the Lancero (7 1/2 inches x 38 ring gauge), the name is derived from Havana’s el Laguito Factory.
Lancero – See Laguito No. 1.
Lector – The person responsible for reading stories to cigar rollers at work.
Ligador – This is the cigar factory’s master blender.
Ligero – One of 3 fillers of tobacco leaves that refers to the top most and usually darkest leaves of the most flavorful plants. Other fillers are known as Seco and Volado.
Lonsdale – The cigar (6.5 inches x 42 ring gauge) named for England’s Lord Lonsdale, who actually preferred the elega.
Maduro – Translates to “ripe” and refers to a dark reddish-brown wrapper tone.
Media Rueda – A half-wheel or bundle of 50 wrapped cigars.
Mareva – The cigar known as Petit Corona (5 1/8 inches x 42 ring gauge).
Moja – Tobacco leaves used to moisturize cigars for rolling.
Parejo – A straight-sided cigar.
Perla – Also referred to as a Tres Petit Corona (4 inches x 40 ring gauge), this cigar forms part of the small vitola group.
Partido – Refers to the region where wrapper leaves were cultivated in the early 17th Century.
Petit Corona – The most popular size (5 1/8 inches x 42 ring gauge) cigar that still allows the 3 filler leaves to be evenly blended. Traditionally called a Mareva.
Pirámide – Called the Torpedo (6 1/8 inches x 52 ring gauge) due to the tapered head and shoulder.
Prominente – Also called the Double Corona (7 5/8 inches x 49 ring gauge), the cigar’s giant leaves of burst into poignant flavors.
Puro – Spanish for “cigar.”
Robusto – Another popular cigar (4 7/8 inches x 50 ring gauge).
Seco – The filler leaf, attributed to aroma, from the mid-section of the plant.
Semi Vuelta – Located in Cuba’s western region, this area is famous for its binder and filler leaves.
Tabaco – Spanish for tobacco, Cuban for cigar.
Tabacuba – The Cuban corporation responsible for all agricultural and manufacturing related to Cuba’s tobacco industry.
Tapado – The muslin cloth tent where shade-grown wrapper leaves grow.
Tercios – Palm-bark wrapped bales of tobacco leaves that are aged after fermentation.
Torcedor – Translates to “twister” but is a cigar roller.
Torpedo – Traditionally known as a Robusto (6 1/8 inches x 52 ring gauge), this cigar is known for great combustibility due to the tapered head and shoulders.
Totalmente a Mano – A term that appears on certain cigar boxes and translates to “completely made by hand.”
Très Petit Corona – Originally, the “pearl,” this small vitola gives smokers the true taste of a Cuban cigar in about 20 minutes (4 inches x 40 ring gauge).
Tripa – The cigar filler comprised of 2 or 3 types of leaves that shape the heart of a Habano.
Tubos – Individually packed cigars in either wood, metal or glass tubes.
Vega – Tobacco plantation.
Vitola – This term refers to the size and shape of a cigar. Robusto or Corona are examples.
Vuelta Abajo – Generally regarded as the finest tobacco growing region in the world. Pinar del Rio, San Luis and San Juan y Martinez are in this region.
Vuelta Arriba – Cuba’s eat region where Remedios and Oriente are located.
Volado – One of the 3 filler leaves derived from the bottom of the plant and that imparts light flavors.
8-9-8 – 6 3/4 in x 43 ring gauge. Also known as the Dalia this cigar took on the popular 8-9-8 name from the original box in which they were packed forming 3 rows of 8, 9 and 8.
Source: Cigar One